Laman

Rabu, 06 Oktober 2010

DISCUSSION

DISCUSSION TEXT

TEXT-1

Nuclear power is generated by using uranium, which is metal mined in various parts of the world. The first large scale nuclear power station was opened at Calder Hall in Cumbria, England, in 1956.

Some military ships and submarines have nuclear power plant for engines. Nuclear power produces around 11% of the world’s energy needed, and produces huge amounts of energy. It causes no pollution as you’d get when burning fossil fuel.

The advantages of nuclear are as follows:

1. It costs about the same as coal, so it’s not expensive to make

2. It doesn’t produce smoke or carbon dioxide, so it doesn’t contribute to the greenhouse effect.

3. It produces huge amounts of energy from small amount of uranium.

4. It produces small amounts of waste.

5. It is reliable.

On the other hand, nuclear power is very, very dangerous. It must be sealed up and buried for many years to allow the radioactivity to die away. Furthermore, although it is reliable, a lot of money has to be spent on safety because if it does go wrong, a nuclear accident can be a major disaster.

People are increasingly concerned about this. In the 1990’s nuclear power was the fastest growing source of power in many parts of the world. In 2005, it was the 2nd slowest growing.(Sumber: UNAS 2008)

Questions:

1. The text discusses …

A. nuclear in general

B. nuclear biggest station

C. the danger of radioactive

D. the disadvantages of nuclear power

E. the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power

2. The opposite of dangerous is … (Paragraph 4)

A. vile

B. dull

C. tiny

D. calm

E. safe

3. Why is nuclear power very dangerous? Because …

A. its radioactive lasts long

B. uranium is renewable

C. it is reliable

D. it is cheap

E. it is safe

5. Which statement is TRUE about nuclear?

A. It is reliable

B. It is costly to make

C. It causes air pollution

D. It affects the greenhouse

E. It produces small amount of energy

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EXPOSITION

EXPOSITION TEXT

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Higher Education for Women

In this modern area, there are still some parents who are reluctant about sending their daughter to college. The narrow attitude shown to women’s education is largely due to the traditional role of women in society. A woman is expected to be a wife and a mother. Most parents believe that if their daughter gets married and chooses to be a housewife, then the higher education will be waste. However, an educated woman is not only a better wife but also contributed something to the society.

Nowadays, more and more women are successfully combining their career and marriage. Educated women are richer both emotionally and financially. They are able to find an outlet for their monotonous drudgery of their housekeeping. They bring more satisfaction and contentment to their lives.

Depriving girls of higher education is crash discrimination. Times have changed; modern society needs the talents of its people regardless of gender. Today women work alongside men. In fact, in the last few decades, women have made outstanding contributions to society.

Women should be given the freedom to be educated whether or not they get married or go to work after finishing their education, because it is only through education that a woman will find herself useful and discover that she wants in life. A woman who works is not an insult to her husband. Conversely, her husband should feel proud of her achievements since marriage is actually an equal partnership.

Therefore, parents should not think that girls should receive less education just because they will get married one day.(Sumber: UNAS 2009)

Questions:

1. What makes parents reluctant to send their daughter to college?

A. They think education will be waste

B. More women are successfully in their career

C. It is a waste for women to go to college

D. Traditional roles of women in society do not need high education

E. They have to contribute something to the society.

2. What is the main purpose of the text?

A. To put forward a point of view or argument about higher education for

women.

B. To tell the parents in this modern era about how to educate their

daughters

C. To persuade readers what should and should not do about education

D. To explain to readers about how to give education for their daughters

E. To describe the fact about how some parents educate their daughters.

3. Modern society needs …

A. educated career women

B. married women

C. educated women

D. good housewives and mothers

E. talented people regardless gender

4. “In fact, in the last few decades, women have made outstanding contributions to society.” (Paragraph 3).

The synonym of the underlined word is …

A. main

B. major

C. ordinary

D. well known

E. remarkable

TEXT-2

It is important to know what your kids are watching? Of course yes. Television can expose things you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, pornography, consumerism, etc.

A study demonstrated that spending too much time on watching TV during the day or at bedtime often causes bedtime disruption, stress, and short of sleep duration.

Another research found that there is a significant relationship between the amount of time spent for watching television during adolescence and early adulthood, and the possibility of being aggressive.

Meanwhile, many studies have identified a relationship between kids who watch TV a lot and being inactive and overweight.

Considering some facts mentioned above, protect your children with the following tips:

1. Limit television viewing to 1-2 hours each day

2. Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms.

3. Review the rating of TV shows that your children watch.

4. Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening in the show.(Sumber: UNAS 2008)

Questions:

1. What is the text about?

A. The programs shown on TV

B. Watching TV is disadvantageous

C. The effect of watching television on kids

D. Reviewing the ratings of TV shows is important

E. The importance of knowing the program watched by our children.

2. The following are the effects of watching TV a lot, EXCEPT …

A. stress

B. being active

C. being aggressive

D. bedtime disruption

E. shorten sleep duration

3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?

A. All TV programs are good for children

B. Children know what program to watch

C. It is good for kid to watch TV all day long

D. It is very important for children to have a TV set in their bedrooms

E. Spending too much time for watching TV may cause kids inactive.

4. It is hard for a child to sleep because …

A. the parents review TV’s program

B. the parents limit the time to watch TV

C. the kid watches TV with his/her parents

D. the kid watches too much TV at bedtime

E. the kid discusses the program with her/his parents.

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EXPLANATION

EXPLANATION TEXT

TEXT-1

Petroleum product, such as gasoline, kerosene, home heating oil, residual fuel oil and lubricating oils, come from one source. Crude oil is found below the earth surface, as well as under large bodies of water, from a few hundred feet below the surface to as deep as 25.000 feet into the earth interior. Crude oil is obtained by drilling a hole through the earth, but sometimes more dry holes are drilled than those producing oil. Pressure at the source, or pumping, forces the crude oil to the surface.

Crude oil wells flow at varying rates, from ten to thousands of barrel per hour. Petroleum products vary greatly in physical appearance: thin, transparent, or opaque. Their chemical composition are made up of only two elements: carbon and hydrogen, which from two compounds called hydrocarbons. Other chemical elements found in the union with the hydrocarbons are few and are classified as impurities. Trace elements are also found, but these are of such minute quantities that they are disregarded.

The various petroleum products are refined from the crude oil by heating and condensing the vapors of crude oil. These products are called light oil such as gasoline, kerosene and distillate coil.(Sumber: UNAS 2008)

Questions:

1. The best title of the text is …

A. Petroleum products

B. Crude oil products

C. Petroleum processing

D. Processing Petroleum Products

E. Petroleum Chemical Compositing.

2. “…,but these are of such minute quantities.” (Paragraph 2)

The antonym of the underlined word is …

A. big

B. wide

C. broad

D. plain

E. apparent

3. The second paragraph is mainly about …

A. the products of crude oil

B. the elements of crude oil

C. the impurities of crude oil

D. the physical appearance of crude oil

E. the chemical compositions of crude oil

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REPORT

REPORT TEXT

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DESCRIPTION

DISCRIPTION TEXT

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Mangrove Trees

A mangrove trees is a tropical marine tree or shrub of genus Rhizhopora. Mangrove have special aerial roots and salt-filtering tap roots that enable them to thrive in brackish water ( brackish water is salty, but not as salty as sea water).

There are several species of mangrove trees found all over the world. Some prefer more salinity, while others like to be very close to a large fresh water source ( such as a river). Some prefer areas that are sheltered from waves. Some species have their roots covered with sea water everyday during high tide. Other species grow on dry land, but are still part of the ecosystem.

Mangrove need to keep their trunk and leaves above the surface of the water. Yet they also need to be firmly attached to the ground so they are not moved waves. There are three type of mangrove roots that play an important role for it:

1. support roots which directly perce the soil..

2. level-growing roots which twist upwards and downwards; with the upwards twists emerging on the water surface.

3. level-growing roots whose downwards twists (sub-roots) appear on the water surface.

Any part of a root that appears above the water flows oxygen to the plant under water surface. As the soil begins to build up, these roots produce additional roots that become embedded in the soil.(Sumber: UNAS 2008)

Questions:

1. The main idea of the text is …

A. Mangrove grow on dry land

B. Mangrove are tropical marine trees

C. There are many species of mangroves

D. Mangrove roots filter the salt of the sea-water

E. Mangrove roots are attached firmly to the ground.

2. We can conclude that most mangrove trees …

A. need salt to grow

B. grow on dry land

C. grow on sheltered areas

D. get oxygen from water

E. grow near fresh water sources..

3. In order to grow well mangroves require the following EXCEPT …

A. the roots twist upwards and downwards

B. the trunk should be above the water surface

C. the leaves should be above the water surface

D. the trees should be firmly attached to the ground

E. the parts of the plant under the water should have enough salt.

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RECOUNT

RECOUNT TEXT

TEXT-1

NEWS ITEM

NEWS ITEM TEXT

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SINGAPORE: a supervisor was jailed for two months foe repeatedly striking his Indonesian maid on the head and back with a television remote control, news reports said on Thursday.

Muhammad Shafiq Woon Abdullah admitted in Singapore court. He physically abused the woman on several occasions between June and October 2002, The Straits Times said.

The magistrate’s court heard that Shafiq,31, began striking Winarti, 22, about a month after she started working for him.

He hit her on the head with the TV remote control because he was unhappy with her work. On occasion, he punched her on the back after accusing her of daydreaming.

S.S.Dhillon, Shafiq’s lawyer, said his client had become mad when he saw his daughter’s face covered as she laid in bed.

He said his client thought the maid had put the child in danger-DPA (Sumber: UNAS 2009)

Questions:

1. The text reported …

A. Shafiq, a Singaporean supervisor

B. S.S.Dhillon, the lawyer in magistrate court

C. an Indonesian maid who was jailed for two months

D. an Indonesian maid who was working in Singapore

E. a Singaporean supervisor who was jailed because of striking his maid.

2. When did Shafiq physically abuse the woman?

A. Between June and October 2002

B. On several occasion

C. On October 31st

D. On June 22nd

E. Any time.

3. Why did Shafiq punch Winarti on her back? She was accused of …

A. taking much time for herself

B. leaving her work

C. working carelessly

D. daydreaming

E. being lazy.

TEXT-2

Lance Amstrong’s Discovery Channel team won the team time trial of the Tour de France on Tuesday, giving the six-time champion the overall race lead. The 33-year old American led his team to victory for the third straight year in the time trial, clocking 1 hour, 10 minutes, 40 seconds for the 67,5-kilometers trek from Tours to Blois. Team CSC placed the second, 2 seconds behind.-AP. (Sumber: UNAS 2007)

Questions:

1. What is the news about?

A. The Tour de France

B. The teams in the race

C. The Discovery Channel Team

D. The Tour de France championship

E. The victorious team of Amstrong’s...

2. Which of the following is TRUE about the news?

A. Amstrong has been a champion for the fifth time

B. Team CSC placed the second, 12 seconds behind

C. Amstrong’s time was 1 hour, 20 minutes, 40 seconds

D. Amstrong’s team won the time trial for the third straight year

E. Amstrong won the team time trial of the Tour de France on Thursday.

3. “The 33-year-old American led his team to victory.”

The closest meaning to the underlined word is …

A. joy

B. defeat

C. success

D. conquer

E. mastery.

4. What is the Team CSC’s time?

A. 1 hour, 10 minutes, 40 seconds

B. 1 hour, 10 minutes, 42 seconds

C. 1 hour, 10 minutes, 38 seconds

D. 1 hour, 12 minutes, 40 seconds

E. 1 hour, 12 minutes, 42 seconds

TEXT-3

MELBOURNE, Jan 22 (UPI)- Fire authorities in four Australian state are to control bush fires fanned by strong winds and searing temperatures.

The Australian reported Sunday that blazes continued to burn in South Australia, Tasmania, western Australia and Victoria, where up to six homes have been destroyed. In South Australia, much of Adelaide is engulfed in thick smoke. The firefighters who are confronted by blast-fumace winds try to bring the flames under control.

At Robertstown in the state’s mid-north, more than 2,500 acres have already burned. Another bushfire, started by lighting, charred the earth near Mouth Flat on the southern side of Kangoroo Island, while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the state’s upper-southeast, is also a blaze.

A 7,500-acres fire at Mouth Agnew in Zeehan, in the state’s west, broke containment lines Saturday afternoon, jumping a road and coming close to homes.

The most serious fires were in Victoria, where up to six homes were destroyed by a fire near the town of Anakie, 36 miles west of Melbourne.

In Tasmania, falling temperatures and patchy rain brought some relief to firefighters, who continued to monitor 22 blazes across the state.(Sumber: UNAS 2006)

Questions:

1. The writer wrote the text to … readers about news worthy events in four Australian states.

A. entertain

B. persuade

C. explain

D. inform

E. amuse

2. What is the text about?

A. Fires in some areas of Australia

B. Weather effect on fire

C. The effects of fires

D. The danger of fire

E. The cause of fire...

3. The fires increasingly happened in some parts of Australia because of …

A. strong winds and searing temperatures

B. falling temperatures

C. thick smoke

D. heavy rain

E. lighting.

4. The reporter most likely got the information from …

A. visitors

B. tourists

C. commuters

D. fire fighter

E. homeless people

5. “…while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the state’s upper-southeast, is

also a blaze.” (Paragraph 3). What do the underlined words mean?

A. dangerous

B. covered

C. isolated

D. on fire

E. at risk.

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